Children’s Rights and Wellbeing Impact Assessment  

Change Tack with Cashback  

Children’s Rights and Wellbeing Impact Assessment  

Part 1 of the Children and Young People (Scotland) Act 2014 requires all Scottish Ministers to; 

  • Give better or further effect to the requirements if the UNCRC 
  • Take account of the relevant views of children if which they are aware 
  • Promote public awareness and understanding of the rights of children 
  • Report every three years to the Scottish Parliament on what they have done to fulfil these duties 

Part 2 of the act requires local authorities, health boards and other public bodies to report every three years on the steps they have taken to secure better or further effect of the requirements of the UNCRC 

GIRFEC is Scotland’s approach to improving the wellbeing of children and young people, with ‘wellbeing’ defined by 8 indicators listed in s.96(2) of the 2014 Act. These indicators – Safe, Healthy, Achieving, Nurtured, Active, Respected, Responsible and Included – were developed from the UNCRC 

Child Rights and Wellbeing Impact Assessment (CRWIA) of legislation and policy in Scotland is a tool that can help to inform and meet these duties. 

Which children and young people does this CRWIA affect? 

Change Tack with Cashback is an early intervention programme. For this reason, the programme targets 12-15 year olds who; 

  • Live in the highest areas of deprivation in Scotland (SIMD 1 and SIMD1) 
  • Who have low attainment and education in school  
  • Are at risk of becoming involved in anti-social behaviour 
  • Are already involved with the criminal justice system  


What aspect of the programme will affect children & young people to the age of 18? 

“Change Tack with Cashback” focusses on early intervention. All aspects of the programme affect children and young people. The programme was designed based on feedback from previous Cashback feedback and targets 12 to 15 year old’s. 


Which UNCRC articles are relevant to the programme? 

Article 2 – Non-discrimination 

Children should not be discriminated against in the enjoyment of their rights. No child should be discriminated against because of their situation or status of their parent/carers 

The Cashback for Communities programme aims to engage young people who, due to no fault of their own, may not otherwise have the opportunity to take part in such activities.  

Every effort is made by OYTS staff and volunteers to ensure each individual young person’s needs are catered to.


Article 3 – Best Interests of the child  

Every decision and action taken relating to a child must be in their best interests. Governments must take all appropriate legislative and administrative measures to ensure that children have the protection and care necessary for their wellbeing – and that the institutions, services and facilities responsible for their care and protection conform with established standards.  

All members of the staff and volunteers team at OYTS Scotland must complete the RYA’s Safe and Fun training course which addresses children’s rights and welfare issues and outlines processes.  

Article 6 – Life, survival and development 

Every child has a right to life and to develop their full potential  

Young people who engage on the “Change Tack with Cashback” programme have an identified youth development worker who works with them one to one on a personal action plan called (Passage plan for life). This plan gives young people the opportunity to create goals for themselves.  

Article 12 – Respect the views of the child 

Every child has the right to express their views and have them given full weight in accordance with their age and maturity. Children should be provided with the opportunity to be heard, either directly or through a representative or appropriate body.  

Throughout the programme, through both internal and external monitoring and evaluation, young people have the space to give feedback about their experiences.  

Article 15 – Freedom of Association (CIVIL RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS) 

Every child has the right to freedom of assembly: to meet with other children, and to join groups and organisations, as long as it does not stop others from enjoying their rights  

The programme give young people the opportunity to become part of a team of 10 other young people, this helps create new friendships and support networks  


Education must develop every child’s personality, talents and abilities to their fullest potential. It must encourage the child’s respect for human rights, their origins and identity, for other cultures around the worlds, and for the natural environment.  

Change Tack with Cashback offers Nationally Recognised Qualifications in an informal education setting. Young people can achieve up to 9 SQA Units, 2 RYA Awards and a John Muir Award.  


Article 31 – Leisure, play and culture (EDUCATION, LEISURE AND CULTURAL ACTIVITIES) 

Every child has a right to rest and leisure, to engage in play and recreational activities, and to take part in a range of cultural and artistic activities  

Throughout the programme young people will take part in two sailing voyages, three outdoor activity sessions and seven youth work sessions.  

Article 42 – Knowledge of rights (GENERAL MEASURES OF IMPLEMENTATION)  

Governments undertake to make the principles and provisions of the UNCRC widely known, by appropriate and active means, to adults and children alike.  

Youth Development Workers will run specific sessions relating to the UNCRC and will encourage young people in learning about their own rights.  

Will there be different impacts on different groups of children and young people?  

Ocean Youth Trust Scotland’s Cashback for Communities programme works with young people aged 12-15 from all over Scotland. The majority are from SIMD 1 & 2 areas and benefit from significant support in understanding therefor improving their health and well-being. 

In the early stages of engagement, an assessment in undertaken with each group to consider what the best angle is for the foundation of the programme. For example, some groups may benefit more from the programme being focused on navigation away from crime, so may benefit more from concentrating on mental-health, or a mixture of both.  

All children and young people are seen as and treated as individuals and take part in one to one sessions with youth workers. These sessions are aimed to identify any additional support needed.  

Ocean Youth Trust Scotland aims to provide all young people with new experiences and new skills that can be transferred to their everyday lives, we provide opportunities to gain nationally recognised awards and we support entry into positive destinations.  

Each individual young person will get something different from the programme but all will receive the same support, encouragement and nurturing to realise and achieve their potential.  

If a negative impact is assessed for any area of rights or any group of children and young people, what options have you considered to modify the proposal, or mitigate the impact?  

Children and young people are at the heart of Ocean Youth Trust Scotland and play a significant role in determining the future of the Trust. Feedback is ongoing throughout the programme both through formal and informal evaluation channels. Feedback is monitored regularly by Youth Development workers who adapt and modify practice as and when required.  

How will the policy/measure contribute to the wellbeing of children and young people in Scotland  

The Cashback for Communities Programme is guided by The Scottish Governments wellbeing indicators. The 12 month programme has been carefully designed to ensure they are being met.  

All staff and volunteers are expected to complete the RYA’s “Safe and fun” training which highlights child protection issues and procedures. The trust has two welfare officers.  

The programme uses sailing as a tool for personal development in children and young people. The voyages prove to be an excellent base for youth work. A real sense of community is built on our boats with young people, groups leaders, youth workers and sailing staff all working together to reach the same goal. All on board are fully responsible for the voyage, from putting up sails and navigating to cooking and cleaning the toilets. 

On shore workshops are designed to give young people the space and opportunity to reflect on the lives they are leading and to give support where the young people feel it is needed. These range from issue based workshops (knife crime, sexual health, social media) to outdoor activities (paddle boarding, kayaking, climbing). We use the workshop time to introduce basic youth work  theories that can be used as their own personal toolkit.  

How will the policy/measure give better or further effect to the implementation of the UNCRC in Scotland?  

The UNCRC is evident right across our Cashback for Communities programme.  

We offer access to opportunities and activities that the young people we work with may never otherwise be able to engage in, sailing, outdoor activities and youth work sessions. Young people are involved in both the design of their programme and at times the delivery of their programme. 

Following the Curriculum for Excellence, Ocean Youth Trust Scotland is partnered with the RYA, The SQA and the John Muir Trust. This allows us to deliver qualifications to young people who have low attainment and attendance in traditional education.  

The programme is evaluated both internally and externally. Evidence collected suggests that it has a positive impact on the confidence, wellbeing, resilience and behaviour and attitude of the majority of the young people who engage.  

What evidence have you used to inform your assessment? What does it tell you?  

Ocean Youth Trust Scotland uses Catch the Light as our external evaluators for the Cashback for Communities Programme. Evidence collected by Catch the Light helps direct the future of the Trusts programmes.  

We submit monthly, quarterly and annual reports to the Scottish Government.  

Have you consulted with relevant stakeholders? 

Consultations have taken place with staff, volunteers, ex participants, Board of Directors and groups leaders.   

Have you involved children and young people in the development of the policy/measure?  

The design of the Cashback Programme is influenced by young people who have completed voyages with the Trust. Ex participants sit on our Board of Trustees. Internal and external evaluation is implemented within the programme and all feedback is taken into account.  


This is a live document. 

Monitoring and Review bi-annually by YDW/SMT 

Policy Lead 

Gillian McDiarmid 

Youth Development Worker

Date 11/02/2022 
General Manager 

Hazel Wiseman  

General Manager  

Date 11/02/2022


  1. CRWIA – training tool– this relates to the training tool which all staff in Achieve More Scotland will have completed when working as part of the CashBack programme. 
  1. SG Materials for further reference. 


Vessel Tracking

find out our current position

Click here to find out where our vessels are currently sailing.


Get involved in one of our events – take part, fundraise, enjoy


Ocean Youth Trust Scotland
Victoria House, 5 East Blackhall Street, Greenock, PA15 1HD
Tel: +44 (0) 1475 722 722

Registered Charity, No. SC029531